COP28: UAE to cut 93% of industrial carbon emissions by 2050
Dubai: The UAE on Tuesday at COP28 announced the launch of the Industrial Decarbonisation Roadmap with the aim of reducing industrial carbon emissions by 2.9 gigatonnes cumulatively – a 93 per cent reduction – by 2050.
Focusing on manufacturing and hard-to-abate sectors, including cement, iron, steel and aluminium, the strategic initiative reflects the country’s commitment to climate action and achieving sustainability goals.
The Ministry of Industry and Advanced Technology built the roadmap alongside strategic partners in the government and private sectors. It was created in line with the UAE’s Net Zero 2050 by strategic initiative, as well as the UAE’s third update of the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Climate Agreement and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.
Sarah bint Yousef Al Amiri, Minister of State for Public Education and Advanced Technology, said: “For three decades, the UAE under the vision of its leadership has been a global leader in climate action. The country was the first in the region to sign the Paris Agreement, and the first to announce a strategic initiative to achieve net zero by 2050. COP28 represents a continuation of our efforts to achieve a phased energy transition of all sectors.”
She continued: “This roadmap was launched in line with the UAE’s commitment to reducing carbon emissions as well as the ministry’s strategy to stimulate sustainable industrial development. The launch of this initiative is the result of integrated efforts by the ministry and its strategic partners. It was made possible by conducting a national study of the industrial sector. It is also the result of a national vision to stimulate the adoption of advanced technologies and sustainable best practices across industry.”
Al Amiri added: “The roadmap focuses on the development and adoption of advanced technology to drive a phased carbon reduction of 93 percent by 2050 across the national industrial sector. It includes a set of pathways around monitoring and addressing challenges as well as developing and adopting the latest technologies. It also focuses on promoting the competitiveness and development of the national industrial sector.”
The roadmap comprises three phases. The first aims to reduce emissions by five per cent by 2030, while the second targets a 63 per cent reduction by 2040. Through the scaling and decreasing cost of technologies, emissions reduction is expected to reach 93 per cent by 2050.
The ministry and its partners have examined and evaluated the feasibility of more than 50 advanced technologies and innovative solutions. These include clean electricity, carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS), manufacturing efficiency, alternative fuels, recycling, clinker substitutes, and hydrogen.
Within the roadmap, there are separate decarbonisation timelines for different hard-to-abate sectors, including iron, steel, aluminium, cement, and petrochemicals. Various technologies are mapped against the different industries, based on how much each solution could contribute to decarbonization in that particular sector.
The roadmap indicates that CCUS, clean electricity and efficiency enhancements alone could be responsible for a 70 per cent carbon reduction by 2050, with the remaining 23 perc ent made up by other solutions. The action plan set out in the roadmap will cut 90 million tonnes of carbon dioxide annually. Clean electricity alone could contribute to 41 per cent of the targeted reduction by 2050.