Germany Saw a 55% Decrease of Net Immigration in 2023

In 2023, Germany recorded 1.9 million new arrivals and nearly 1.3 million departures, thus bringing the net migration to 663,000, according to the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis).

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Such a figure represents a 55 per cent decrease compared to 2022, when the net migration accounted for more than 1.4 million, Schengen.News reports.

Although net migration has more than halved in 2023, it is still considered “high” compared to most of the figures recorded in the previous years.

In a longer-term comparison, however, net immigration in 2023 remained at a high level and was only exceeded in 2015 and 1992, apart from 2022.


Number of Ukrainian Immigrants to Germany Dropped by 75%

As further explained by Destatis, the drop in net immigration in 2023 is attributed to the decrease in the number of Ukrainians immigrating to Germany compared to 2022.

More specifically, the number of immigrants from Ukraine dropped by 1.09 million in 2022 to 276,000 in 2023.

Compared to the previous year, 75 per cent fewer people immigrated to Germany from Ukraine.


In addition to Ukraine, Germany saw a decrease in the number of immigrants from Romania (-7 per cent) and Bulgaria (-14 per cent). On the contrary, the number of Turkish immigrants surged by 56 per cent compared to 2022.

Although the overall net migration from European countries to Germany decreased, yet Europe contributed most to net immigration (balance: +330,000 people).

In 2023, Germans Mainly Emigrated to Switzerland, Austria & US

In 2023, fewer Germans emigrated to other countries than the previous year. Switzerland, Austria, and the United States were the main destinations for German emigrants.

In 2023, 21,000 Germans were registered moving to Switzerland, 13,000 to Austria and 9,000 to the US.


Decrease in Birth Rates & Growing Elderly Population in Germany

Official statistics indicate that 693,000 babies were born in Germany in 2023, representing a 6.2 per cent decrease compared to the previous year. Moreover, the number of births in 2023 decreased to its lowest since 2013, according to Destatis.

Meanwhile, the number of elderly people in Germany is expected to surge, as revealed by a recent study published by the Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development (BBSR).

BBSR anticipates that the number of people aged 65 and above in Germany will increase by more than 13 per cent by 2024.

While the country is facing such issues, the government has introduced a new law that allows foreign residents in Germany to obtain German citizenship more quickly.